Tuesday Trivia #6: Navajo Clothing

In the mid 1860s, Navajo traditional clothing gave way to velveteen. The women began to wear velveteen dresses (or skirts and blouses) in lieu of deerhide or woven dresses called “blanket dresses”, which were fashioned by connecting two woven panels at the shoulders and lacing up the sides.

The men replaced deerhide or woven leggings and/or a breechclout with woven pants, either to the top of their moccasins or full length, and velveteen shirts of simple design; the shirts were sometimes embellished with beads or silver buttons.

Both men and women still wore traditional hide or woven moccasins that come almost to the knee.

Tuesday Trivia #3: The Land of Saints and Scholars

Ireland is often referred to as The Land of Saints and Scholars. During the Dark Ages in Europe, much of the continent was overrun by barbarian tribes. Irish priests and scholars were responsible for keeping many ancient texts intact, and for creating new art and literature. When the Dark Ages ended, Irish scholars were considered a critical element of nearly every European court.

Tuesday Trivia #2: The Fast Gun

Today’s trivia is a little nugget about the FAST GUN.

In spite of what we’ve seen in TV or movie Westerns, gunslingers in the Old West were few and far between. And even fewer of them were cowboys.

Most cowboys did carry a pistol or two, as well as a rifle. But a cowboy’s main job was to protect the herd, and his weapons were used primarily against four-legged predators; wolves, coyotes, cougars and snakes were the most common recipients of a cowboy‘s bullets.

The weapons of the nineteenth century weren’t nearly as precise as those of today, and a cowboy had to count on his accuracy rather than his swiftness to make a good kill. There were some cowboys whose natural talents made them both swift and sure, but the majority of gunslingers were criminals like John Wesley Hardin, lawmen like Wild Bill Hickok, or criminals turned lawmen like Wyatt Earp.

Who was the fastest gun of all? By all contemporary accounts it was John Wesley Hardin who, they claim, could draw his pistols, shoot and kill a man who already had a gun in his hand.

Tuesday Trivia #1: Native Americans and the Right to Vote

I thought we’d start Tuesday Trivia with a question. Who was President of the United States when all Native Americans were given the right to vote?

A.) Dwight D. Eisenhower
B.) Theodore Roosevelt
C.) Richard M. Nixon
D.) Calvin Coolidge

No peeking now — just give it your best shot! C’mon, you can do it! Got it? Made your choice? Okay, then here’s the answer:

The correct answer is C, Richard M. Nixon.


Here’s the history behind it: In 1906 (Theodore Roosevelt), the Burke Act granted citizenship to Native Americans who farmed their own land and lived off the reservations, and in 1924, The Indian Citizenship Act (Calvin Coolidge) granted all Native Americans citizenship. However, many states did not recognize these acts as granting voting rights because, at that time, the Constitution gave each individual state the right to decide who is eligible to vote. As they did with African-Americans, many states passed requirements like poll taxes and literacy tests in order to prevent Native Americans from voting.

In 1957, under Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Solicitor General took action to ensure that the States removed these impediments; that year is usually referenced as the year voting rights were given to all Native Americans. However, discrimination persisted in Colorado, where any tribal member who lived on a reservation was not allowed to vote until 1970, when President Nixon signed an extension of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.